How To Complete A Bed Bug Inspection
Bed bugs can be hard to find and difficult to identify. Even after a thorough inspection sometimes it can still be difficult to identify a bed bug infestation. Most of the initial signs of bed bugs are not visually apparent but there are several tell-tale signs that indicate an active bed bug infestation.
Below we provide some signs of bed bug infestations and give readers directions to performing their own bed bugs inspections. Other inspections can be performed including professional bed bug inspections and bed bug dog inspections to confirm bed bug presence.
What To Look For: Signs of Bed Bugs
What do bed bugs look like? How do you know if you have bed bugs? What are these red spots on my mattress? Do bed bugs lay eggs? These are just some of the questions we hear from bed bugs customers every day.
What Do Bed Bugs Look Like?
Bed bugs are reddish brown bugs that are shaped like an oval. They are about the size of an apple seed, sometimes smaller and sometimes larger. Their size, shape and colour depend on how recently they have fed. Before feeding the are flatter and brown in colour but after feeding they are larger, rounder and are redder. Baby bed bugs or nymphs are harder to see as they are smaller and white, almost see-through.
When performing a bed bug inspection it is important to know what to look for. The major visible signs of bed bugs are as follows:
- Live bed bugs – these guys scurry really fast, sometimes the human eye only catches a glimpse of them before they disappear. Passive bed bug monitors can trap live bugs in the wells to allow for visual confirmation of bed bugs.
- Bed bug “shells” and shedding – bed bugs go through several in-star stages during their life cycle. Each time they grow they shed their skin and these cases can be found in and around the bed area and around harbourage spots.
- Blood Spots and Fecal matter – these dark spots can be found on mattresses, box springs, pillows, bed linens and bed room furniture. A very common place is behind the headboard or under the bed frame.
- Bed bug eggs – these eggs are white and generally found in clusters in dark areas of harbourage.
The top areas to check during a bed bug inspection are:
- The Bed – this includes the mattress, box spring, headboard and frame. 70% of bed bugs will be found here
- Night Stands – 23% of bed bugs will be found within 5 feet of the bed or in
- Upholstered Furniture – check both cushions and in the pleats
- Wall furnishings – another 7% will disperse to other areas such as wall furnishings and
- Curtains and under other bedroom furniture.
How To: Bed Bug Inspection
It is good to do an inspection for bed bugs every once in awhile even if you are not feeling any signs of getting bitten. The key to getting rid of bed bugs is early detection as they multiply very fast and the more severe an infestation, the harder it is to get rid of bed bugs.
Bed Bug Inspection of the Bed
Be sure to be very thorough when doing this inspection. The use of a flashlight may help the signs be more visible. Remember 70% of all bed bugs will be found in the bed:
- Remove all bedding from the mattress and box spring including sheets, blankets and bed skirts. Look on both sides of the mattress and box spring for the signs of bed bugs described above. Make sure to check all cracks, crevices, seams and fold areas of the bed. If you are able to look inside the box spring do so.
- Inspect the baseboards. Look underneath and along the sides.
- Check the bed frame, headboard and footboard. Inspect both sides and any crack and crevice areas such as holes for screws and places where two pieces of wood meet. Bed bugs can slide into areas like that easily.
Bed Bug Inspection for a Bedroom
Once a thorough inspection of the bed has been performed, the rest of the room should be inspected to discover any hidden areas of harbourage where bed bugs like to hide until its time to feed.
- Inspect the night stands, dressers and any other wooden furniture. Remove all items from on top of the furniture and from within the drawers. Look inside the drawers for any of the signs of bed bugs. Inspect the legs and underside of the furniture.
- Inspect the curtains and window coverings. Bed bugs are often found here especially if they are close to the bed.
- Inspect and wall hangings or picture frames. Check inside cracks and crevices and behind as well.
- Inspect light switches and electrical outlets as well as any holes in the wall or cracks along baseboards or door frames.